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Nola, Province of Napoli, Region Campania, Italy





Pleasantly situated in the plain between Mount Vesuvius and the Apennines, 16 miles ENE of Naples, is served by the local railway Naples-Baiano.

History

Of the ancient city, which occupied the same site as the modern town, hardly anything is now visible. In the days of its independence it issued an important series of coins. Nola was one of the most ancient cities of Campania, variously said to have been founded by the Ausones, the Chalcidians and the Etruscans. Its territory was very fertile, and this was the principal source of its wealth. A large number of vases of Greek style were found in the neighbourhood. The Etruscans were certainly in Nola about 560 BC when it sent assistance to Neapolis against the Roman invasion (328 BC). The Romans conquered Nola in 343 BC, and it was thenceforth faithful to Rome.

Nola was a municipium with its own institutions and the use of the Oscan language. It became a Roman colony under Augustus, who died at Nola. Sacked by Genseric in 455, and by the Saracens in 806 and 904, captured by Manfred of Sicily in the 13th century, and damaged by earthquakes in the 15th and 16th, Nola lost much of its importance. The revolution of 1820 under General Pepe began at Nola.

Info

Altitude: 34 m a.s.l Population: ca. 32,000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 80035 -- Phone Area Code: 081

What to see

  • The Gothic cathedral, restored in 1866, and again in 1870 after the interior was destroyed by fire, with its lofty tower.
  • The seminary in which are preserved the famous Oscan inscription known as the Cippus Abellanus (from Abella, the modern Avella) and some Latin inscriptions relating to a treaty with Nola regarding a joint temple of Hercules.
  • The former convent of the Capuchins at a little distance from the city
  • The Monument to philosopher Giordano Bruno, who was born at Nola in 1548 and burnt at the stake by the Inquisition.
  • Remains of the church erected by St. Paulinus in honour of St Felix in the 4th century.

Province of Napoli

Events

  • Two fairs are held in Nola, on June 14 and the November 12
  • July 26, a great festival in honour of St Paulinus, one of the early bishops of the city, who invented the church bell (campana, taking its name from Campania)