BAGGI, BAGGINI, BAGGIO, BAGINI : Toponimic, from the town of Baggio, near Milan.
BAGNASCHI, BAGNASCO: Toponimic, from the town of Bagnasco
BAGNOLI: Possibly originary of Bagnoli
BAGLI, BAGLIETTI, BAGLIONI: From "balivo", a kind of bailiff.
BALBI, BALBO: From the Latin balbus (balbuziente)
BALDASSARRE, BALZARETTI, BALZARINI, BALZAROTTI: Patronimic, from the first name Baldassarre of Hebrew origin
BALDI, BALDINI, BALDISSERA, BALDO, BALDUCCI, BALDUCCIO: From the first name Baldo, of German origin
BALESTRA, BALESTRINI, BALESTRIERI: Connected to the profession of crossbow maker or soldier.
BALLARINI, BALLARINO, BALLERINI, BALLERINO : From a nickname connected to ability in dancing.
BALIVA, BALIVO: Connected to the job of bailiff
BALSAMO : From the first name Balsamus.
BARANELLI, BARANELLO: From the place of origin, in Molise
BANDERALI: From bandiera = flag, connected to aprofession or military role as flag bearer
BANDINI, BANDINO: Patronymic, from Bandus and Bandinus.
BARACCA Either from the German baro, meaning freeman or from the celtic bar, tree branch, for someone who lived in a hut :
BARALDI, BARALDO: From the Lombard name Baraldus deriving from baro (freeman) and wald (strong).
BARATTI, BARATTIERI, BARATTO levantino. : Derived from baratto = barter, possibly used for a merchant
BARBA, BARBATO, BARBINI: From the word "barba", menaing beard.
BARBARESCHI, BARBARESCO , BARBARI: From barbarian or "berbero" (used for the Saracens)
BARBERI, BARBERIA, BARBERIO, BARBERIS, BARBERO, BARBIERI, BARBIERO: Some possible etymologies: from the job of barber, or as a corruption of barbarian or "berbero" (used for the Saracens)
BARILARO, BARILATI, BARILE, BARILI, BARILLA, BARILLI: From the word barile (barrel) or connected to the ancient Barile family, a branch of the Counts of Marsi
BARNABA, BARNABEI, BARNABEO, BARNABO': From the first name Barnaba.
BARONE, BARONI, BARONCINI : Possibly a nickname from the word "baron" derived from the ancient German baro menaing freeman.
BARRILE: See Barile
BARTOLOMEO, BARTALI, BARTOLINI, BARTOLOTTI, BARTOLI : From the first name Bartolomeo, derived from the Aramaic name "Barthalmay" = son ("bar") of Tolmai
BASILE: Patronymic from the first name Basilius of Greek origin.
BASSI, BASSO: A nickname from the adjectibe basso meaning short
BASTIANI: Patronymic from the first name (Se)bastiano .
BATTAGLIA, BATTAGLINI, BATTAGLINO: A nickname from the word battaglia, meaning "battle" possibly connected to a psychological trait or battles fought in the remote past.
BASTIANELLO, BASTIANI, BASTIANINI: From Bastiano diminutive of the Latin first name Sebastianus.
BATTISTA, BATTISTI: From the first name Battista
BAUDI, BAUDO: A diminutive form of one of the many names having as final suffix -baldus, from the German bald (courageous).
BECCARIA, BECCARINI: Probably from the job of beccaro (macellaio).
BECCI : A nickname from the adjectibe becciu (vecchio) meaning old.
BEDIN, BEDINI, BEDINO : Probably from the Norman name Beda, or the Celtic name Betha
BEDONI ?: Possibly from the word betun (fango), or probably derived from a Francese bedon (grasso), meaning fat.
BELLA: A nickname from the medieval name Bello
BELLANDA, BELLANI, BELLATO, BELLERI, BELLESI: From the adjectibe bello, meaning beautyful, probably was a nickname to identify a handsome man
BELLANTE, BELLANTI: Originary of Bellante, in the province of Teramo
BELLO, BELLI, BELLINI, BELLUCCI: Probably was a nickname to identify a handsome man
BELLINZONI ?: Probably from the toponimic "ticinese" Bellinzona
BELLOCCHIO: Meaning "beautyful eyes" possibly originarily a nickname
BELLOMI, BELLOMO : Meaning "handsome man" possibly originarily a nickname
BELLONI, BELLOTI, BELLOTTI : A nickname originary from adjectibe bello, used to identify a handsome man, or derived from the medieval name Bellotto.
BELTRAME, BELTRAMI, BELTRAMINI, BERTAGNOLI, BERTARELLI, BERTARINI, BERTATINI, BERTINI, BERTOTTI, BERTOTTO, BERTUGLIA, BERTUZZI, BETTE', BETTI, BETTIN, BETTINELLI: Probably from a Germanic name bertha (luminoso) or Celtic name bert (portatore)
BENCIVENGA, BENCIVENNI: Bencivenga is typical name of Napoli and Bencivenni is of Bologna, derived from the medieval name Bencivenga or Bencivenni