Latina is the capital of its province and the second largest city in the region Latium. The city has pharmaceutical and chemical industries, a strong service sector, as well as a flourishing agricultural production (vegetables, flowers, sugar beet, fruit, cheese and derivates).
It was founded on June 30, 1932, with the Fascist name of Littoria when the area surrounding it, which had been a swamp since Antiquity, was drained. Littoria was populated with immigrants coming mainly from Friuli and Veneto.
The urban plan and the monuments, mainly in neo-classical style, were designed by famous architects and artists such as Marcello Piacentini, Angiolo Mazzoni and Duilio Cambellotti. In 1934 it became a province capital and after World War II was renamed Latina in 1946. With the arrival of other people mainly from Latium itself, the original Venetian-like dialect was increasingly substituted by a form of Roman dialect.