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Campobasso, Province of Campobasso, Molise, Italy





Campobasso is the region capital city since 1806, when Giuseppe Napoleone established the Contado di Molise. Once world-famous for its cutlery craftsmanship, is divided into an old town, with the majestic Castello Monforte and its six towers, and an archaeological museum of the Samnite people hosted in a former medieval building.

The medieval borough contains three active medieval churches: Santa Maria della Croce, San Leonardo, and Santa Maria del Monte, as well as an archaeological Museum of the Samnite people, located in an ancient palace. Many of the homes within the old section are being restored, although the exteriors must remain the same, and the area is increasingly becoming an exclusive section to live in.

The "new" town located outside of the walls in the lower fertile plain dates back to the 16th century (the church of Sant'Antonio Abate, circa 1572, was built just outside the medieval walls). In the gardens of the city there are many rare plant species. The most interesting folk tradition is the Holy Week representation called "Misteri".

Info

Altitude: 701 m a.s.l -- Population: ca. 50,000 inhabitants in 2012 -- Zip/postal code: 86100 -- Phone Area Code: 0874 -- Frazioni & Località: Santo Stefano, Calvario, Camposarcone, Casello Ferroviario, Casino Barone, Cerreto, Colle Arso, Colle dell'Api, Colle dell'Orso, Colle Longo, Coste di Oratino, Feudo, Fossato Cupo, Lupara, Mascione, Ospedale, Polese, San Giovanni dei Gelsi, San Giovanni in Golfo, San Nicola Delle Fratte, Santa Maria de Foras, San Vito Inferiore, San Vito Superiore, Tappino. -- Patro Saint: San Giorgio, celebrated on 23rd April

What to see

Province of Campobasso

History

A settlement existed in Samnite times on the hill that rises behind the present city, most probably a fortress in control of the shepherds' track Matese-Cortile. The first historical information goes back to Lombard times, when there were two centers: "Campus de Prata", where tha castle rose, and "Campus Vassus", which later changed into "Campus Bassus" (meaning lower territory, since it was below the castle). The feudal lords that followed in the century were the Monforte-Gambatesa (1300(?) -1495) with Nicola II who ordered the building of the castle, the Di Capua (1495 - 1559), Gonzaga (1559 - 1638), Vitagliano (1638 - 1639), Carafa (1639 - 1740), Romano (1740 - 1806). In 1806 feudalism was abolished and Campobasso was later made capital of the Province of Molise. During the Second World War since September 1943 was occupied by Canadian forces for two years and for a time was nicknamed "Canada Town" or "Maple Leaf City".

Where to stay

Genealogy and Links

Provinces of Molise: Campobasso, Isernia



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