|Regions in Italy Molise Province Isernia ROCCAMANDOLFI|
Province of Isernia, Molise, Italy
In the center of Molise, at the border of the Matese mountains, Roccamandolfi lies in a landscape of steep rock walls and green valleys.
Altitude: 850 m a.s.l -- Territory: mountainous -- Population: ca. 1100 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 86098 -- Phone Area Code: 0865 -- Patron Saint: San Giacomo -- Frazioni & Località: Masseria di Rio
On top of a rock hovering over the center there are the ruins of the ancient castle, built by the Lombards and called "Rocca Maginulfo". In 1196 the castle, at the time under the Normans, helped Count of Molise Ruggiero di Mandra against emperor Henry VI, and was siged for this offence.
Then in the 14th century it was under the Artois and the Roccafoglia, and in the 15th its lords were the Gaetani family, in 1549 passed to Gianbattista D'Afflitto who in 1586 gave it to the Pignatelli family, who kept it until 1806.
The flourishing economy, for centuries based on the seasonal migrations of shepherds to the plains of the Capitanata (province of Foggia), suffered a severe blow when in the late 1800's the lands of Apulia were enclosed and devoted to agriculture.
Between 1880 and 1920 over two thirds of the population left for the States, Argentina and Brazil. Later on emigrants chose Ontario, where today there is a populous community from Roccamandolfi, and Belgium.
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