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Bari, Province of Bari, Puglia, Italy





Bari is the second largest continental city of Southern Italy and the capital of Apulia (Puglia) region, on the Adriatic Sea.

The town consists of three parts: the old town on the peninsula to the north, with the splendid Basilica of San Nicola, the Cathedral of San Sabino (1035 - 1171) and the Swabian castle, now also one of the major nightlife districts; the Murattiano town to the south with a seafront promenade, major shopping district and heart of the city, and the newest enlarged quarters all around.
bari coatofarms

Info

Altitude: a.s.l -- Population: ca. 320,000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 70100 -- Phone Area Code: 080 -- Patron Saint: San Nicola celebrated on 8 May -- Frazioni & Località: The Commune of Bari is not divided into "Frazioni" but into 9 "circoscrizioni" each subdivided into "quartieri" (in total 25): Palese - Santo Spirito (quarters: Palese Macchie, Santo Spirito, Catino, San Pio); San Paolo (quarters: Stanic, San Paolo); Picone - Poggiofranco (quarters: Picone, Poggiofranco); Carbonara - Ceglie - Loseto (quarters: Carbonara, Santa Rita, Ceglie del Campo, Loseto); Japigia (quarters: Japigia, Torre a Mare, San Giorgio); Carrassi - San Pasquale (quarters: Carrassi, San Pasquale, Mungivacca); Madonnella (quarters: Madonnella); Libertà - Marconi - San Girolamo - Fesca (quarters: Libertà, Marconi, San Girolamo, Fesca); Murat - San Nicola (quarters: Murat or "borgo Murattiano", San Nicola or Città vecchia).

History

Barium - the old Latin name for Bari - does not seem to have been a place of great importance in early antiquity; only bronze coins struck by it have been found. In Roman times it was the point of junction between the coast road and the Via Traiana; there was also a branch road to Tarentum from Barium. Its harbour, mentioned as early as 181 BC, was probably the principal one of the district in ancient times, as at present, and was the centre of a fishery.

Bari's greatest importance dates from the time when it became, in 852, a seat of the Saracen power being Swadan the first emir, and in 885, the residence of the Byzantine governor. In 1071 it was captured by Robert Guiscard. In 1095 Peter the Hermit preached the first crusade there. In 1156 it was razed to the ground, and has several times suffered destruction.

What to see

  • The church of San Nicola, founded in 1087 to receive the relics of the saint, which were brought from Myra in Lycia, and now lie beneath the altar in the crypt. The church is one of the four Palatine churches of Apulia (the others being the cathedrals of Acquaviva and Altamura, and the church of Monte Sant'Angelo on the Gargano).
Province of Bari

Events

  • Fiera del Levante: the largest trade fair in the Adriatic, is held in September in the west side of Bari, and attracts exhibitors from Italy, the Mediterrean and beyond. Mainly focused on agriculture and industry, has also a section called "Fair of Nations" for handcrafted merchandise from all over the world.

Where to stay

Provinces of Puglia: Bari | Barletta-Andria-Trani | Brindisi | Foggia | Lecce | Taranto