In the 7th century BC Ceglie was one of the 12 Messapian towns at war with Taranto. At that time the main center was an acropolis on top of the hill, which could be reached through stairs which still exist today. Under Roman times a slow decadence began, and in the Middle Ages Ceglie was a small village under the feudal rule of the baron of the castle built where the acropolis once rose.
A rebirth began also thanks to the monasteries founded by Greek monks, the Abbey of Sant'Anna and the monastery of Madonna della Grotta. The Sanseverino family were lords of the place for long centuries, followed by the Lubrano and Sisto y Britto.
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