Cerignola, Province of Foggia, Puglia, Italy
Cerignola is situated 40 km southeast of Foggia, on a hill which rises over the whole Tavoliere plateau, and is the third largest Commune in Italy after Rome and Ravenna.
The economy is mostly based on farming. It is the native town of professor Nicola Zingarelli, the founder of the Zingarelli Italian dictionary.
Altitude: mt 120 a.s.l -- Population: ca. 58,000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 71042 -- Phone Area Code: 0885 -- Patron Saint: Madonna of Ripalta celebrated on September 8 -- Frazioni & Localities: Borgo Libertà, Borgo Tressanti, Moschella, Pozzo Terraneo
The first settlement goes back to the 4th century BC, when Alexander the Great ordered the destruction of Cerina, whose inhabitants were first dispersed, then joined together and founded in another location the present Cerignola. Under the Roman Empire it was a municipium and was known as Furfanae, a town along the Via Traiana which enjoyed a remarkable agricultural trade. In 1503 in a battle fought outside the town the Spaniards defeated the French, and occupied the kingdom of Naples which became a Spanish province. In 1731 it was destroyed by a ruinous earthquake.
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