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Province of Messina
Sicilia (Sicily) Region, Italy
The province occupies the north-western corner of Sicily, and borders the Thyrrhenian Sea to the north and the Ionian to the east, separated by the Messina strait.
The territory is mostly mountainous, with the exception of the Milazzo plain, where the 2 populous towns of Milazzo and Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto are situated. The hinterland is occupied by the Monti Peloritani (reaching 1300 mt) and the Monti Nebrodi or Caronie (reaching 1900 mt), where a Regional Natural Park was established.
The province of Messina includes also the beautiful Aeolian islands in the Thyrrhenian Sea, 7 in all, with 4 different communes, Lipari which includes the isles of Alicudi, Filicudi, Lipari, Panarea, Stromboli and Vulcano, while on the large island of Salina are the comuni of Malfa, Leni and Santa Maria Salina.
Area: 3247 km² -- Population: about 680,000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal codes: 98000-98100 -- Phone Area Codes: 090, 0941, 0942 -- Car Plate: ME -- Communes: 108 communes -- Official website: http://www.provincia.messina.it/
The Comuni in the Province of Messina
Acquedolci | Alcara li Fusi | Alì | Alì Terme | Antillo | Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto | Basicò | Brolo | Capizzi | Capo d'Orlando | Capri Leone | Caronia | Casalvecchio Siculo | Castel di Lucio | Castel Mola | Castell'Umberto | Castroreale | Cesaro | Condrò | Falcone | Ficarra | Fiumedinisi | Floresta | Fondachelli Fantina | Forza d'Agrò | Francavilla di Sicilia | Frazzanò | Furci Siculo | Furnari | Gaggi | Galati Mamertino | Gallodoro | Giardini Naxos | Gioiosa Marea | Graniti | Gualtieri Sicamino | Itala | Leni | Letojanni | Librizzi | Limina | Lipari | Longi | Malfa | Malvagna | Mandanici | Mazzarra Sant'Andrea | Meri | Messina | Milazzo | Militello Rosmarino | Mirto | Mistretta | Mojo Alcantara | Monforte San Giorgio | Mongiuffi Melia | Montagnareale | Montalbano Elicona | Motta Camastra | Motta d'Affermo | Naso | Nizza di Sicilia | Novara di Sicilia | Oliveri | Pace del Mela | Pagliara | Patti | Pettineo | Piraino | Raccuja | Reitano | Roccafiorita | Roccalumera | Roccavaldina | Roccella Valdemone | Rodi Milici | Rometta | San Filippo del Mela | San Fratello | San Marco d'Alunzio | San Pier Niceto | San Piero Patti | San Salvatore di Fitalia | San Teodoro | Santa Domenica Vittoria | Santa Lucia del Mela | Santa Marina Salina | Santa Teresa di Riva | Sant'Agata di Militello | Sant'Alessio Siculo | Sant'Angelo di Brolo | Santo Stefano di Camastra | Saponara | Savoca | Scaletta Zanclea | Sinagra | Spadafora | Taormina | Terme Vigliatore | Torregrotta | Torrenova | Tortorici | Tripi | Tusa | Ucria | Valdina | Venetico | Villafranca Tirrena
Already in Roman times Messina, a faithful allied town of Rome, had jurisdiction over a wide area including Milazzo, and this area was the origin of the present province.
Under the Arab domination, when Sicily was divided into the three provinces of Val di Mazara (western Sicily), Val di Noto (the south-east) and Val Demone (north and east), Messina was the main center of the Val di Demone including Catania to the South and Cefalù.
Between 1815 and 1825 the Bourbon government reduced the "Vallo di Messina", creating the "Vallo di Catania" with the area around Mount Aetna and moving Cefalù to the "Vallo di Palermo". At the time the province acquired more or less the present boundaries, and was furtherly divided into the four districts of Messina, Mistretta, Patti and Castroreale. The population of 236.632 in 1798 grew to 380.279 in 1852, lived in 95 communes, with 105,000 people in the city of Messina. In 1860, when Sicily was included in the kingdom of Italy, the seven bourbon "valli" took the names of "Provinces".
The catastrophic earthquake of 28 December 1908 destroyed most of the provinces of Messina and Reggio Calabria, just in Messina victims were between 60,000 and 80,000. After decades of reconstruction further destruction came with WW2 bombings in 1943.
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