Augusta, Province of Siracusa, Sicily, Italy
Situated along the eastern coast of Sicily, it was founded by Frederick II as a strategic port.
It was originally on a peninsula, then in 1607 the isthmus was cut so as to make it into an island, which is now linked by two bridges to the mainland in a bay south of the Santa Croce Cape. It is today the second Italian mercantile port.
Altitude: 15 m a.s.l -- Population: ca. inhabitants
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What to see
- The "Castello Svevo", a Swabian fortress built by Frederick II between 1232 and 1242, with a square plan and four corner tower, used in the last two centuries as a prison.
- Excavation at Megara Hyblaea, an ancient town founded in 728 BC by the Greeks, then destroyed by Gero of Syracuse in 483 BC, rebuilt and again destroyed by the Romans in 213 BC.
- Excavation at Thapsos, a lively commercial center of the 15th century BC, with relics of the Bronze and Iron Ages, and items coming from Malta and Cyprus.
Where to stay
, Emilia Romagna
, Friuli Venezia Giulia
, Puglia (Apulia)
, Sicily, Tuscany
, Trentino - Alto Adige
, Valle d'Aosta
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