Tuscany Region, Italy
The Provinces of Tuscany
Like the Greeks, their political organization was based on federations of independent cities, united by national and religious identity and, though the source of their rich culture, this was also the reason of their defeat by less civilized but better militarily organized peoples like the Romans, who finally in the 3rd century BC occupied the region, which was first still called Etruria (and included also Umbria) but later, as the Septima Regio of the Empire, came to be called Tuscia and its capital city became Florentia.
In Florence at that time a model capitalistic economy developed, based on the financial power and banks on the one side, and on the textile industry on the other. Wealth and independence gave rise to culture and art, to the supremacy of the Tuscan dialect which became centuries later the model of the Italian language and therefore to strong feelings of national identity for Italy that, though would remain politically divided until 1860 and beyond.
From the Renaissance
Thanks to the presence of the many art cities and medieval boroughs (Florence, Pisa, Siena, San Gimignano, Arezzo..), the well-developed seaside resorts in Versilia, the intelligent promotion, tourism is also a primary resource all over the year.